局部非热平衡对增强型地热系统的影响探究

中国石油大学(北京)石油工程学院,北京102249

地热学;油气水渗流力学;致密储层;局部非热平衡;嵌入式离散裂缝模型;数值模拟;致密基质;复杂裂缝;增强型地热系统

Influence of local thermal non-equilibrium on enhanced geothermal system
CHENG Linsong,SHI Junjie,CAO Renyi,YANG Chenxu,and DU Xulin

College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing 102249, P. R. China

geothermics; oil, gas and water seepage mechanics; tight reservoir; local non-thermal equilibrium; embed⁃ded discrete fracture model; numerical simulation; tight matrix; complex fractures; enhanced geothermal system

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1249.2022.06649

备注

干热岩的有效开发需要依托增强型地热系统所形成的复杂裂缝网络,而致密基质与不同裂缝之间形成了不同尺度的传质传热环境,导致多孔介质传质传热过程存在复杂性.为分析局部非热平衡对复杂裂缝系统传质传热过程的影响,建立考虑局部非热平衡假设的微观孔隙尺度传质传热模型,揭示局部非热平衡假设对基质-裂缝传质传热过程影响的微观作用机理.同时,建立考虑局部非热平衡假设的嵌入式离散裂缝模型和求解方法,通过储层物性参数敏感性研究分析考虑局部非热平衡假设的必要性.结果表明,不考虑局部非热平衡假设会低估在近裂缝区域的岩石温度,而高估传热前缘区域的流体温度;局部非热平衡对增强型地热系统的影响主要体现在注入早期;注入强度越高,或基质裂缝渗透率越低,或基质裂缝孔隙度差异越大,或岩石热扩散系数越大,或对流换热系数越小,都越需要考虑局部非热平衡假设.研究结果可为增强型地热系统的精确数值模拟提供参考.
Effective development of hot dry rock depends on complex fracture network formed by the enhanced geothermal system. Different scales of mass and heat transfer environment are formed between tight matrix and different fractures, which leads to the complexity of mass and heat transfer process of porous media. In order to analyze the influence of local thermal non-equilibrium on the mass and heat transfer process of complex fracture system, a micro pore scale mass and heat transfer model considering local non-thermal equilibrium is established. The microscopic mechanism of the effect of local non-thermal equilibrium assumption on mass and heat transfer process in matrix-fracture system is revealed. An embedded discrete fracture model considering local thermal non-equilibrium assumption and the solution method are also established. The necessity of considering local thermal non-equilibrium is analyzed by studying the sensitivity of formation physical parameters. The results show that ignoring the local thermal non-equilibrium assumption will underestimate the rock temperature near the fracture zone and overestimate the fluid temperature in the heat transfer front zone. The effect of local thermal non-equilibrium on the enhanced geothermal system is mainly reflected in the early stage of injection. The higher the injection intensity, the lower the matrix fracture permeability, the greater the matrix fracture porosity difference, the greater the rock thermal diffusion coefficient, the smaller the convective heat transfer coefficient, the more it is necessary to consider the local thermal non-equilibrium assumption. The research results can provide reference for the collection and collation of field data.
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