[1]胡明伟,等.地铁车站水侵应急疏散仿真研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2022,39(2):159-167.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2022.02159]
 HU Mingwei,TANG Jingyan,and HE Guoqing.Simulation study on emergency evacuation due to water invasion in subway stations[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2022,39(2):159-167.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2022.02159]
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地铁车站水侵应急疏散仿真研究()
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《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第39卷
期数:
2022年第2期
页码:
159-167
栏目:
交通物流
出版日期:
2022-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Simulation study on emergency evacuation due to water invasion in subway stations
文章编号:
202202007
作者:
胡明伟1 2 3 4汤静妍1何国庆1
1)深圳大学土木与交通工程学院,广东深圳 518061
2)深圳大学滨海城市韧性基础设施教育部重点实验室,广东深圳 518061
3)深圳大学未来地下城市研究院,广东深圳 518061
4)深圳市地铁地下车站绿色高效智能建造重点实验室,广东深圳 518061
Author(s):
HU Mingwei1234TANG Jingyan1and HE Guoqing1
1) College of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518061, Guangdong Province, P. R. China
2) Key Laboratory of Coastal Urban Resilient Infrastructures of Ministry of Education, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518061, Guangdong Province, P. R. China
3) Underground Polis Academy, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518061, Guangdong Province, P. R. China
4) Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Green, Efficient and Intelligent Construction of Underground Metro Station, Shenzhen 518061, Guangdong Province, P. R. China
关键词:
交通运输工程地铁车站水侵应急疏散AnyLogic平台仿真
Keywords:
transportation engineering subway station water invasion emergency evacuation AnyLogic platform simulation
分类号:
U491
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1249.2022.02159
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着全球气候变暖,沿海沿江城市频繁出现强降水等极端天气,地铁车站水侵事故时有发生.为制定合理的地铁水侵应急疏散策略,提高乘客应急疏散效率,基于AnyLogic平台构建车站水侵疏散仿真模型,并以中国深圳市车公庙地铁站为例,研究水侵条件下应急疏散策略对疏散效率的影响.仿真结果表明,进水点数量与位置对疏散结果有较大影响;车站水侵级别在一定程度上影响疏散效率;综合考虑将自动扶梯用作楼梯使用、布设导流栏及增设应急疏散口3种疏散策略,优化后模型的疏散效率整体提高了11.4%,安全疏散比例达到92.2%.仿真结果可为地铁车站预防水侵的疏散设计与运营管理提供参考.
Abstract:
With the global warming, extreme weather such as heavy precipitation frequently occurs in coastal and riverside cities, which may cause water invasion accidents in subway stations due to heavy rainstorm. In order to formulate a reasonable strategy for emergency evacuation of water invasion in subway stations and improve the efficiency of emergency evacuation of passengers, we build a simulation model of station water invasion evacuation based on AnyLogic simulation platform. We take Shenzhen Metro Chegongmiao Station as an example to study the impact of emergency evacuation strategy on the evacuation efficiency under water invasion conditions. The simulation results show that the number and location of the inlet points have a great influence on the evacuation result. The level of water invasion affects evacuation efficiency to a certain extent. Considering three evacuation strategies of using escalators as stairs, laying diversion fences and adding emergency evacuation exits, the evacuation efficiency of the optimized model is improved by 11.4%, and the safe evacuation ratio reaches 92.2%. The simulation results can provide reference for evacuation design and operation management of subway station under water invasion.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
Received: 2021-08-31; Accepted: 2021-10-15; Online (CNKI): 2022-02-26
Foundation: National Natural Science Foundation of China (52090084, L1924061)
Corresponding author: Professor HU Mingwei. E-mail: humw@szu.edu.cn
Citation: HU Mingwei, TANG Jingyan, HE Guoqing. Simulation study on emergency evacuation due to water invasion in subway stations [J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2022, 39(2): 159-167.(in Chinese)
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(52090084,L1924061)
作者简介:胡明伟(1972—),深圳大学教授、博士生导师.研究方向:交通系统建模与仿真、智能交通系统.E-mail: humw@szu.edu.cn
引 文:胡明伟,汤静妍,何国庆.地铁车站水侵应急疏散仿真研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2022,39(2):159-167.
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-03-30