[1]张晓春,丘建栋,屈新明,等.深圳市交通排放污染物浓度特征与影响因素[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(2):178-186.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.02178]
 ZHANG Xiaochun,QIU Jiandong,QU Xinming,et al.Characteristics and influencing factors of traffic pollutant emission concentration in Shenzhen City[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2020,37(2):178-186.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.02178]
点击复制

深圳市交通排放污染物浓度特征与影响因素()
分享到:

《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第37卷
期数:
2020年第2期
页码:
178-186
栏目:
环境与能源
出版日期:
2020-03-16

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics and influencing factors of traffic pollutant emission concentration in Shenzhen City
文章编号:
202002010
作者:
张晓春1丘建栋1屈新明1徐炜铃2丁卉3
1)深圳市城市交通规划设计研究中心有限公司,广东深圳518021
2)东南大学交通学院,江苏南京211189
3) 中山大学智能工程学院,广东广州510006
Author(s):
ZHANG Xiaochun1 QIU Jiandong1 QU Xinming1 XU Weiling2 and DING Hui3
1) Shenzhen Urban Transport Planning Center Co., Ltd., Shenzhen 518021, Guangdong Province, P.R.China
2) School of Transport, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, Jiangsu Province, P.R.China
3) School of Intelligent Systems Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong Province, P.R.China
关键词:
环境工程尾气污染污染物质量浓度路边监测实验关联分析道路移动源交通排放扩散交通流量光照强度氮氧化物一氧化碳
Keywords:
environmental engineering exhaust pollution pollutant mass concentration roadside monitoring experiment correlation analysis road moving source traffic emission diffusion traffic flow light intensity nitrogen oxide (NOx) carbon monoxide
分类号:
X511
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.02178
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着机动车保有量不断增加,尾气污染问题日趋严重.为掌握中国深圳市交通排放所带来的路边空气污染状况,探索交通与空气污染之间的关系,设计了典型道路交通排放的路边监测实验,以研究空气污染中的交通排放规律和关键影响因素.实验监测了典型道路的交通流、气象数据和空气污染物质量浓度,通过对比监测点与空气质量监测国家控制点的数据,分析道路移动源对空气质量的影响:当交通流量较小时,路边监测点与空气质量监测国家控制点数据一致;当交通流量(特别是货运量)大时,路边监测点的数据显著高于空气质量监测国家控制点的;通过对NOx和CO的质量浓度与主要影响因素的关联分析,揭示了交通流量和气象对交通排放污染物质量浓度的影响,排放污染物质量浓度整体趋势与总交通量较为一致.结果表明,深圳市各区NOx和CO质量浓度主要受到机动车(尤其是货车)排放的影响,光照强度、风向和风速对污染物的排放扩散有明显作用.
Abstract:
With the increasing number of motor vehicles, exhaust pollution has become increasingly serious. In order to grasp the roadside air pollution caused by traffic emissions in Shenzhen City and explore the relationship between traffic and air pollution, we design a series of roadside monitoring experiments to study the law and key influencing factors of traffic emissions in air pollution. The experiments monitor the traffic flow, meteorological data, and air pollutant mass concentration of typical roads. By comparing the monitoring results with those of the national air quality control points, which reflects the impact of road moving sources on air quality, we find that when there is less traffic, the roadside monitoring results are consistent with those of the state control point; when the traffic flow (especially freight) is large, the roadside monitoring results are significantly higher than those of the state control station. Based on the correlation analysis of nitrogen oxide (NOx) mass concentration and carbon monoxide (CO) mass concentration with the main influencing factors, the effects of traffic flow and weather on the mass concentration and trend of pollutants emitted by traffic are revealed. The overall trend is more consistent with the total traffic volume. The results show that the mass concentration of NOx and CO in various districts of Shenzhen are mainly affected by the emissions of motor vehicles (especially trucks), and the light intensity, wind direction, and wind speed have a significant effect on the emission diffusion of pollutants.

参考文献/References:

[1] 深圳市统计局. 深圳市2013年国民经济和社会发展统计公报[N]. 深圳特区报,2014-04-08(A05).

Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of Statistics. Shenzhen national economic and social development statistical bulletin 2013[N]. Shenzhen Special Economic Zone News, 2014-04-08(A05).(in Chinese)
[2] 深圳市统计局. 深圳市2018年国民经济和社会发展统计公报[N]. 深圳特区报,2019-04-17(A05).
Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of Statistics. Shenzhen national economic and social development statistical bulletin 2018[N]. Shenzhen Special Economic Zone News, 2019-04-08(A05).(in Chinese)
[3] 范武波, 陈军辉, 钱骏, 等. 机动车尾气对人体健康的危害[J]. 中国环境管理,2016,8(1):110-113.

FAN Wubo, CHEN Junhui, QIAN Jun, et al. Effects of vehicle emissions on human’s health[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Management, 2016,8(1):110-113.(in Chinese)
[4] HART J E, LADEN F, PUETT R C,et al.Exposure to traffic pollution and increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis[J].Environmental Health Perspectives,2009,117(7):1065-1069.
[5] 邱洪斌, 祝丽玲, 张凤梅. 城市街道大气颗粒物污染特征及影响因素的研究[J]. 黑龙江医药科学, 2002,25(3):3-4.
QIU Hongbin, ZHU Liling, ZHANG Fengmei. Pollution characteristics of atmospheric particles from city streets and influencing factors[J]. Heilongjiang Medicine and Pharmacy,2002,25(3):3-4.(in Chinese)
[6] 谢敏, 蔡铭, 余志,等. 广州市主干道附近大气污染物质量浓度的特征及影响因素研究[J].环境科学与管理,2008(3):63-66, 149.
XIE Min, CAI Ming, YU Zhi, et al. Study on the characteristics and affecting factors of atmospheric pollution concentrations near an artery in Guangzhou[J]. Environmental Science and Management,2008(3):63-66, 149.(in Chinese)
[7] 陈天增, 葛艳丽, 刘永春, 等. 我国机动车排放VOCs及其大气环境影响[J]. 环境科学,2018,39(2):478-492.
CHEN Tianzeng, GE Yanli, LIU Yongchun, et al. VOCs emission from motor vehicles in China and its impact on the atmospheric environment[J]. Environmental Science, 2018,39(2):478-492.(in Chinese)
[8] 李慧颖. 应对机动车尾气排放污染的城市 “低排放区”立法研究[D]. 济南: 山东大学,2014.
LI Huiyin. A legislative study on the urban low emission zone to deal with the motor vehicle exhaust pollution[D]. Ji’nan: Shangdong University, 2014.(in Chinese)
[9] 胡明伟,翟素云,段华波, 等.欧洲低排放区设置的比较分析[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2017,34(3):229-237.
HU Mingwei, ZHAI Suyun, DUAN Huabo, et al. Comparative analysis on the seeting of low emission zone in Europe[J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2017,34(3):229-237.(in Chinese)
[10] HOLMAN C,HARRISON R M,QUEROL X. Review of the efficacy of low emission zones to improve urban air quality in European cities[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2015, 111:161-169.
[11] BUCCOLIERI R, SANDBERG M, DI SABATINO S.City breathability and its Link to pollutant concentration distribution within urban-like geometries[J].Atmospheric Environment,2010,44(15):1894-1903.
[12] KIM J J, SMORODINSKY S, LIPSETT M, et al. Traffic-related air pollution near busy roads the East Bay children’s respairatory health study[J]. American Jounal of Respairatory and Critical Care Medicine, 2004, 60(4):170-520.
[13] BERKOWICZ R, KETZEL M, VACHON G, et al. Examination of traffic pollution distribution in a street canyon using the Nantes’ 99 experimental data and comparison with model results[J]. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 2002, 2(5/6):311-324.
[14] BERKOWICZ R, WINTHER M, KETZEL M.Traffic pollution modelling and emission data[J].Environmental Modelling & Software,2006,21(4):454-460.
[15] 袁磊, 宛杨, 何成. 基于CFD模拟的高密度街区交通污染物分布[J]. 深圳大学学报理工版,2019,36(3):274-280.
YUAN Lei, WAN Yang, HE Cheng. Distribution of traffic pollutants in high-density blocks based on CFD simulation[J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2019,36(3):274-280.(in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]李英华,李海波,孙铁珩,等.地下渗滤系统酶活性分布及对脱氮效果的影响[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2012,29(No.5(377-470)):461.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2012.05461]
 LI Ying-hua,LI Hai-bo,and SUN Tie-heng.Spatial distribution of soil enzyme activities and influence on nitrogen removal in subsurface wastewater infiltration system[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2012,29(2):461.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2012.05461]
[2]杨波,李影影,张峰振,等.铝板电絮凝去除水体中镍离子的研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2014,31(4):415.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04415]
 Yang Bo,Li Yingying,Zhang Fengzhen,et al.The removal of Ni2+ in wastewater by electrocoagulation using aluminum electrode[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2014,31(2):415.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04415]
[3]苏子艺,余江,王慈,等.生活污泥制备轻质高比表面积陶粒的试验研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2014,31(4):374.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04374]
 Su Ziyi,Yu Jiang,et al.Preparation of lightweight and high specific surface area ceramsites with sewage sludge[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2014,31(2):374.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04374]
[4]马睿,闫江龙,方琳,等.超临界水氧化去除污泥中化学需氧量的动力学[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2015,32(6):617.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2015.06617]
 Ma Rui,Yan Jianglong,Fang Lin,et al.Kinetics of removal of chemical oxygen demand in municipal sewage sludge by supercritical water oxidation[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2015,32(2):617.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2015.06617]
[5]毕莹莹,郭进,郭玉文,等.润湿剂对PS和ABS的浮选分离效果及其作用机制[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2016,33(6):558.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2016.06558]
 Bi Yingying,Guo Jin,Guo Yuwen,et al.Effects and mechanism of wetting agents on the separation of PS and ABS by flotation[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2016,33(2):558.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2016.06558]
[6]王宁,郭斌,王欣,等.微波场中催化剂对甲苯废气的氧化分解研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2018,35(6):582.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2018.06582]
 WANG Ning,GUO Bin,WANG Xin,et al.Oxidation decomposition of toluene waste gas by catalyst in microwave field[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2018,35(2):582.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2018.06582]
[7]刘安,李玉清,郭奇聪,等.深圳典型道路原位模拟雨水生物毒性评价分析[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(4):355.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.04355]
 LIU An,LI Yuqing,GUO Qicong,et al.Biotoxicity assessment of in-situ simulated stormwater runoff on typical urban roads in Shenzhen[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2020,37(2):355.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.04355]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
Received:2019-09-17;Accepted:2019-11-21
Foundation:National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFB1601105);Special Funds for the Development of Strategic Emerging Industries of Shenzhen in the First Support Planning of 2017(Shenzhen Development and Reform Commission(2017) No.550)
Corresponding author:Professorate senior engineer ZHANG Xiaochun. E-mail: zhangxiaochun@sutpc.com
Citation:ZHANG Xiaochun,QIU Jiandong,QU Xinming,et al.Characteristics and influencing factors of traffic pollutant emission concentration in Shenzhen City[J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2020, 37(2): 178-186.(in Chinese)
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFB1601105);深圳市战略性新兴产业发展专项资金资助项目(深发改〔2017〕550号)
作者简介:张晓春(1973—),深圳市城市交通规划设计研究中心有限公司教授级高级工程师.研究方向:交通规划、智能交通和交通排放.E-mail:zhangxiaochun@sutpc.com
引文:张晓春,丘建栋,屈新明,等. 深圳市交通排放污染物浓度特征与影响因素分析[J]. 深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(2):178-186.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-30