[1]马明明,楚楚,刘佳,等.活性炭表面的聚苯胺电化学合成及其电磁性能[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2019,36(No.6(599-724)):656-660.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2019.06656]
 MA Mingming,CHU Chu,LIU Jia,et al.Electrochemical synthesis of polyaniline on activated carbon surface and its electromagnetic properties[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2019,36(No.6(599-724)):656-660.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2019.06656]
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活性炭表面的聚苯胺电化学合成及其电磁性能()
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《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第36卷
期数:
2019年No.6(599-724)
页码:
656-660
栏目:
化学与化工
出版日期:
2019-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Electrochemical synthesis of polyaniline on activated carbon surface and its electromagnetic properties
文章编号:
201906009
作者:
马明明楚楚刘佳王玺玺张杰丁婷婷
西安工程大学环境与化工学院,陕西西安 710048
Author(s):
MA Mingming CHU Chu LIU Jia WANG Xixi ZHANG Jie and DING Tingting
School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Xian Polytechnic University, Xian710048, Shaanxi Province, P.R.China
关键词:
吸波材料学聚苯胺活性炭电化学合成法复合材料荷电量阻抗电磁参数
Keywords:
absorbing material polyaniline activated carbon electrochemical synthetic method. composite material charge impedanc
分类号:
TM242
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1249.2019.06656
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为提高单一聚苯胺(polyaniline, PANI)的电磁性能,在活性炭-铅笔芯电极(active carbon modified pencil core electrode, AC-PEC)表面,采用电化学合成法中的循环伏安法,通过荷电量优化制备条件,如扫描电位范围、扫描速度、苯胺浓度、支持电解质浓度、扫描圈数、外加中性电解质KCl浓度、活性炭分散液浓度及AC-PEC有效导电长度等,制备出聚苯胺/活性炭(PANI/AC)复合材料. 优化结果显示,在含0.2 mol/L苯胺(An)的0.3 mol/L H2SO4 和0.2 mol/L KCl共存溶液中(pH=0.22),以0.04 V/s的扫描速度,在-0.4~1.1 V的电位范围内连续扫描8圈,活性炭分散液浓度为75 mg/mL、AC-PEC有效长度为1.5 cm时,所制备的PANI/AC的荷电量最大,稳定性最好,且显示导电性良好的核-壳结构. 电磁性能测试显示,PANI/AC的阻抗比PANI和AC都低,并对7.44~15.12 GHz的电磁波有不同程度的吸收,比纯PANI的吸波范围10.48~14.32 GHz要宽.
Abstract:
In order to improve the electromagnetic properties of single polyaniline (PANI), polyaniline/activated carbon (PANI/AC) composites were prepared on the surface of activated carbon-pencil core electrode (AC-PEC) by cyclic voltammetry of electrochemical synthetic method. The preparation conditions such as scanning potential range, scanning rate, aniline concentration, supporting electrolyte concentration, number of scanning cycles, applied neutral electrolyte concentration, concentration of activated carbon dispersionand and effective conduction length of AC-PEC were optimized using charge of composite material. The results showed that the prepared PANI/AC had the highest charge and the best stability when AC-PEC with 1.5 cm effective length (75mg/mL activated carbon dispersing liquid concentration ) was put in 0.2 mol/L H2SO4 and 0.2 mol/L KCl containing 0.2 mol/L aniline (An) (pH=0.22) at the scanning speed of 0.04 V/s in a potential range of -0.4~1.1 V with 8 cycles scanning successively. PANI/AC exhibits a kind of core-shell structure with good conductivity, and its impedance is lower than that of PANI and AC. It can absorb electromagnetic wave from 7.44 GHz to15.12 GHz in varying degrees, which is wider than that of pure PANI in the range of 10.48~14.32 GHz.

相似文献/References:

[1]曹慧群,李上娇,胡惠媛,等.聚苯胺/碳纳米管/Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4制备及其磁性能[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2008,25(1):35.
 CAO Hui-qun,LI Shang-jiao,HU Hui-yuan,et al.Preparation and magnetic property of polyaniline containing carbon nanotubes and Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2008,25(No.6(599-724)):35.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
Received:2019-03-01;Accepted:2019-09-03 Foundation:Program for Science& Technology of Shaanxi Province (2013kj07-24); Innovocation Leader of Science& Technology of Xian City(201805030YD8CG14(15) ; Program for Xian Polytechnic University College Students Innovation and Entrepreneurship(2018023) Corresponding author:Professor MA Mingming. E-mail: 18220593193@163.com Citation:MA Mingming, CHU Chu,,WANG Xixi, et al. Electrochemical synthesis of polyaniline on activated carbon surface and its electromagnetic properties[J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2019, 36(6): 656-660.(in Chinese)
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-30