[1]毛艳萍,田里,陈胜,等.对污水处理厂中大肠杆菌的四环素耐药性分析[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2019,36(No.6(599-724)):642-648.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2019.06642]
 MAO Yanping,TIAN Li,CHEN Sheng,et al.Tetracycline resistance of E.coli isolated from sewage treatment plants[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2019,36(No.6(599-724)):642-648.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2019.06642]
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对污水处理厂中大肠杆菌的四环素耐药性分析()
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《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第36卷
期数:
2019年No.6(599-724)
页码:
642-648
栏目:
化学与化工
出版日期:
2019-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Tetracycline resistance of E.coli isolated from sewage treatment plants
文章编号:
201906007
作者:
毛艳萍1田里1陈胜1张雅怡1王越兴2
1)深圳大学化学与环境工程学院,广东深圳518060;2)深圳市水务(集团)有限公司,广东深圳518000
Author(s):
MAO Yanping1 TIAN Li1 CHEN Sheng1 ZHANG Yayi1 and WANG Yuexing2
1) College of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong Province, P.R.China 2) Shenzhen Water (Group) Co. Ltd., Shenzhen 518000, Guangdong Province, P.R.China
关键词:
应用与环境微生物学污水处理厂大肠杆菌四环素耐药性耐药基因
Keywords:
applied and environmental microbiology sewage treatment plant E.coli tetracycline antibiotic resistance antibiotic resistance genes
分类号:
Q89
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1249.2019.06642
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
抗生素的滥用导致了耐药菌的大量出现,对环境安全和人体健康造成潜在威胁.为研究污水处理厂进出水中的大肠杆菌对典型抗生素——四环素的耐药性和耐药基因的分布状况,以深圳市N污水处理厂和F污水处理厂的进水(NJ和FJ)和二沉池出水(NC和FC)为研究对象,从水样中分别分离培养得到46~88株大肠杆菌,比较菌株在添加10 mg/L四环素盐酸盐溶液前后的培养基中12 h的生长曲线,得到不同菌株对四环素的表观耐药性.结果表明,从污水处理厂进水样品NJ和FJ分离到的大肠杆菌对四环素耐药性检出率分别为36%和23%,出水样品NC和FC中的检出率分别为4%和8%,说明污水处理工艺对降低四环素耐药菌丰度有显著效果.采用聚合酶链式反应(PCR)和宏基因组学测序方法对部分敏感菌和耐药菌的四环素耐药基因进行检测,结果显示,四环素耐药菌中普遍携带tet(A)、 tet(B)、 tet(C)、 tet(D)、 tet(L)和tet(M)等四环素耐药基因,卡方检验(χ2检验)结果表明,四环素耐药基因与其耐药性密切相关.然而,在四环素敏感菌中也检测到四环素耐药基因tet(A), 表明抗生素耐药性的表观型和基因型也可能存在不一致现象.该研究为进一步探究耐药菌的耐药机制和挖掘新型的耐药基因提供了实验基础.
Abstract:
The abuse of antibiotics has led to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria, causing potential threats to environmental safety and human health. To study the tetracycline resistance and resistance genes of E.coli in sewage treatment plants (STPs), influent samples (NJ, FJ) and effluent samples from secondary sedimentation tanks (NC, FC) from N and F STPs in Shenzhen were collected, from which 46-88 strains of E.coli were isolated, respectively. By comparing the growth curves of strains in medium before and after adding 10 mg/L tetracycline hydrochloride solution for 12 hours, the apparent resistance of difference strains to tetracycline was obtained. The results showed that the detection rates of tetracycline resistance in E.coli isolated from influent samples NJ and FJ were 36% and 23%, and those in effluent samples NC and FC were 4% and 8%, respectively, indicating the wastewater treatment process has a significant effect on reducing the abundance of tetracycline resistant bacteria. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and metagenomic sequencing methods were used to detect tetracycline resistance genes of some sensitive and resistant strains. The results indicated that tetracycline resistance genes of tet(A), tet(B), tet(C), tet(D), tet(L), and tet(M) were commonly found in tetracycline resistant strains, the Chi-square test (χ2 test) demonstrated that the tetracycline resistance has closely related to resistance genes. However, tet(A) had been identified in some sensitive strains indicating there may be inconsistencies in the phenotype and genotype of antibiotic resistance. The results provide experimental basis for further exploration of the antibiotic resistance mechanism of resistant bacteria and the exploration of novel antibiotic resistance genes.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
Received:2018-12-02;Accepted:2019-02-08 Foundation:National Natural Science Foundation of China (51608329); Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province(2017A030313315); Shenzhen Science & Technology Projects (JCYJ20160520165135743, JCYJ201704121719 18012); Shenzhen Urban Sewage Treatment and Recycling Engineering Laboratory Project; The Environmental Protection Industry Development Special Fund of Shenzhen Corresponding author:Assistant professor MAO Yanping. E-mail: maoy@szu.edu.cn Citation:MAO Yanping,TIAN Li,CHEN Sheng, et al. Tetracycline resistance of E.coli isolated from sewage treatment plants[J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2019, 36(6): 642-648.(in Chinese)
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-30