[1]马艺,段华波,李强峰,等.基于生命周期分析的风电场GHGs减排效益[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(6):653-660.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.06653]
 MA Yi,DUAN Huabo,LI Qiangfeng,et al.Benefits of GHGs emission reduction of wind farm based on life cycle assessment[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2020,37(6):653-660.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.06653]
点击复制

基于生命周期分析的风电场GHGs减排效益()
分享到:

《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第37卷
期数:
2020年第6期
页码:
653-660
栏目:
环境与能源
出版日期:
2020-11-09

文章信息/Info

Title:
Benefits of GHGs emission reduction of wind farm based on life cycle assessment
文章编号:
202006015
作者:
马艺1段华波12李强峰1 谢明辉3
1) 深圳大学滨海城市韧性基础设施教育部重点实验室,深圳大学土木与交通工程学院,广东深圳 518060
2) 深圳大学未来地下城市研究院,广东深圳 518060
3)中国环境科学研究院国家环境保护生态工业重点实验室,北京 100012
Author(s):
MA Yi1 DUAN Huabo1 2 LI Qiangfeng1 and XIE Minghui3
1) Key Laboratory of Coastal Urban Resilient Infrastructures, College of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong Province, P.R.China
2) Underground Polis Academy, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong Province, P.R.China
3) Key Laboratory of Eco-Industry of Ministry of Environmental Protection, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P.R.China
关键词:
环境工程可再生能源风力发电陆上风电场生命周期评价温室气体二氧化碳当量碳排放因子建造阶段节能减排
Keywords:
environment engineering renewable energy wind generation onshore wind farm life cycle assessment (LCA) greenhouse gases (GHGs) carbon dioxide equivalent carbon emission factor construction phase energy-saving and emission reduction
分类号:
X828;X196
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.06653
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
风电设备生产及风电场建设产生的环境影响备受关注. 本研究以中国东南沿海城市某100 MW陆上风电场为例,基于生命周期评价方法,对其风机产品生产制造、运输、风电配套设施建设和运营维护等阶段的环境影响(以温室气体为归一化度量指标)进行了量化分析.研究结果表明,该风电场生命周期温室气体排放总量约为90 000 t(以CO2 当量计,排放强度为17.8 g/(kW·h)).其中,生产制造阶段占比最大(67.8%),其次为建设施工阶段(19.2%).与其他能源发电方式对比表明,风电温室气体排放强度明显高于水电(以CO2 当量计,约3.5 g/(kW·h)),但与光伏发电(以CO2 当量计,约50 g/(kW·h))、生物质(以CO2 当量计,约200 g/(kW·h))和火力(以CO2 当量计,约800 g/(kW·h))等能源方式相比,减排效益显著.
Abstract:
Wind power development is one of the main approaches and effective means to meet with the energy need. However, the negative environmental impacts by the production of wind power equipment and the construction phase of wind farm are also very pressing. In this paper, a 100 MW onshore wind farm in a coastal city in the Southeast China is taken as an example to quantify the environmental impacts measured by greenhouse gases emission, GHGs emission over its life cycle including the wind turbine production, transportation, wind farm facilities construction, operation and maintenance. The results show that the total GHGs emission of a 100 MW wind farm is approximately 90 000 tCO2 eq, and the emission intensity is about 17.8 gCO2 eq/(kW·h)), of which the emission during the stage of manufacturing accounts for the largest proportion (67.8%), followed by that during the construction stage (19.2%). Though the GHGs emission intensity of wind power is significantly higher than that of hydropower (about 3.5 gCO2 eq/(kW·h)), its GHGs emission reduction benefits are more significant over those of other power generation projects, such as photovoltaic power generation (about 50 gCO2 eq/(kW·h)), biomass (about 200 gCO2 eq/(kW·h)) and thermal power (about 800 gCO2 eq/(kW·h)).

参考文献/References:

[1] 杨举华,张力小,王长波,等.基于混合生命周期分析的我国海上风电场能耗及温室气体排放研究[J].环境科学学报,2017, 37(2):786-792.
YANG Juhua, ZHANG Lixiao, WANG Changbo,et al.Energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission of an offshore wind farm in China: a hybrid life cycle assessment perspective[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2017,37(2):786-792.(in Chinese)
[2] 王仲颖,时璟丽,赵勇强. 中国风电发展路线图2050[R]. 国家发展和改革委员会能源研究所, 2011.
WANG Zhongying, SHI Jingli, ZHAO Yongqiang. China wind roadmap in 2050[R]. Energy Research Institute National Development and Reform Commission, 2011.(in Chinese)
[3] 朱蓉,石文辉,王阳,等.我国风电开发利用的生态和气候环境效应研究建议[J].中国工程科学,2018, 20(3):39-43.
ZHU Rong, SHI Wenhui, WANG Yang,et al.Research suggestions for ecological and climatic environmental effects of wind power development in China[J].Engineering Science,2018,20(3):39-43.(in Chinese)
[4] 李国庆,李晓兵.风电场对环境的影响研究进展[J].地理科学进展,2016, 35(8):1017-1026.
LI Guoqing, LI Xiaobing.Research progress of wind farm impact on the environment[J].Progress in Geography,2016,35(8):1017-1026.(in Chinese)
[5] 赵宗慈,罗勇,江滢. 风电场对气候变化影响研究进展[J]. 气候变化研究进展. 2011, 7(6): 400-406.
ZHAO Zongci, LUO Yong, JIANG Ying. Advances in Assessment on Impacts of Wind Farms upon Climate Change[J].Advances in Climate Change Research, 2011, 7(6): 400-406.(in Chinese)
[6] BALOG I, PAOLO M R, ISABELLE T. A numerical approach for planning offshore wind farms from regional to local scales over the Mediterranean[J]. Renewable Energy. 2016, 85: 395-405.
[7] JUNGBLUTH N, BAUER C, ROBERTO D,et al.Life cycle assessment for emerging technologies: case studies for photovoltaic and wind power (11 pp)[J].The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment,2005, 10(1):24-34.
[8] AMPONSAH N Y, TROLDBORG M, KINGTON B,et al.Greenhouse gas emissions from renewable energy sources: a review of lifecycle considerations[J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2014,39:461-475.
[9] KUMAR I, WALLACE E T, KUMARES C S.Input-output life cycle environmental assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from utility scale wind energy in the United States[J].Energy Policy,2016, 89(12): 294-301.
[10] 王晓天.基于全生命周期评价方法的风电环境效益测算——以内蒙古某风电场为例[J].科技管理研究,2012, 32(18):259-262.
WANG Xiaotian.Analysis on environmental benefit of wind turbines using life cycle assessment: case study of some wind farm in Inner Mongolia[J].Science and Technology Management Research,2012,32(18): 259-262.(in Chinese)
[11] XUE Bing, MA Zhixiao, GENG Yong, et al. A life cycle co-benefits assessment of wind power in China[J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015,41: 338-346.
[12] WANG Shifeng, WANG Sicong, LIU Jinxiang.Life-cycle green-house gas emissions of onshore and offshore wind turbines[J].Journal of Cleaner Production,2019, 210: 804-810.
[13] SMOUCHA E A, FITZPATRICK K.Life cycle analysis of the embodied carbon emissions from 14 wind turbines with rated powers between 50 kW and 3.4 MW[J].Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, 2016,6(4):100021.
[14] ALSALEH A, SATTLER M.Comprehensive life cycle assessment of large wind turbines in the US[J].Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy,2019, 21(4): 887-903.
[15] CHEN G Q, YANG Q, ZHAO Y H. Renewability of wind power in China: a case study of nonrenewable energy cost and greenhouse gas emission by a plant in Guangxi[J].Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2011,15(5):2322-2329.
[16] XU Lei, PANG Mingyue, ZHANG Lixiao, et al. Life cycle assessment of onshore wind power systems in China[J]. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2018, 132: 361-368.
[17] GUEZURAGA B, ZAUNER R, PLZ W.Life cycle assessment of two different 2 MW class wind turbines[J].Renewable Energy,2012,37(1):37-44.
[18] KERSTIN B O, SERGIO P. Life cycle assessment of an onshore wind farm located at the northeastern coast of Brazil[J]. Renewable Energy. 2013, 53: 60-70.
[19] CRAWFORD R H.Life cycle energy and greenhouse emissions analysis of wind turbines and the effect of size on energy yield[J].Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2009,13(9):2653-2660.
[20] WANG Like, YUAN Wang, DU Huibin,et al. A comparative life-cycle assessment of hydro-, nuclear and wind power: a China study[J].Applied Energy, 2019,249(4):37-45.
[21] 姜子英,潘自强,邢江,等.中国核电能源链的生命周期温室气体排放研究[J].中国环境科学,2015, 35(11):3502-3510.
JIANG Ziying, PAN Ziqiang, XING Jiang, et al. Greenhouse gas emissions from nuclear power chain life cycle in China[J].China Environmental Science, 2015,35(11):3502-3510.(in Chinese)
[22] ZHAO Xiaoli, QIONG Cai, ZHANG Sufang,et al.The substitution of wind power for coal-fired power to realize China’s CO2 emissions reduction targets in 2020 and 2030[J].Energy,2017,120:164-178.
[23] 廖夏伟,谭清良,张雯,等.中国发电行业生命周期温室气体减排潜力及成本分析[J].北京大学学报自然科学版,2013, 49(5):885-891.
LIAO Xiawei, TAN Qingliang, ZHANG Wen,et al.Analysis of life-cycle greenhouse gas emission reduction potential and cost for China’s power Generation sector[J].Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 2013,49(5):885-891.(in Chinese)
[24] GAO Chengkang, NA Hongming, SONG Kaihui, et al. Environmental impact analysis of power generation from biomass and wind farms in different locations[J].Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2019,102:307-317.

相似文献/References:

[1]龚映雪,台艳,肖文娟,等.酵母多基因表达载体在纤维素生物转化中应用[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2010,27(1):82.
 GONG Ying-xue,TAI Yan,XIAO Wen-juan,et al.Construction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae integrated expression vector and its application in cellulose bioconvesion[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2010,27(6):82.
[2]李英华,李海波,孙铁珩,等.地下渗滤系统酶活性分布及对脱氮效果的影响[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2012,29(No.5(377-470)):461.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2012.05461]
 LI Ying-hua,LI Hai-bo,and SUN Tie-heng.Spatial distribution of soil enzyme activities and influence on nitrogen removal in subsurface wastewater infiltration system[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2012,29(6):461.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2012.05461]
[3]杨波,李影影,张峰振,等.铝板电絮凝去除水体中镍离子的研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2014,31(4):415.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04415]
 Yang Bo,Li Yingying,Zhang Fengzhen,et al.The removal of Ni2+ in wastewater by electrocoagulation using aluminum electrode[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2014,31(6):415.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04415]
[4]苏子艺,余江,王慈,等.生活污泥制备轻质高比表面积陶粒的试验研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2014,31(4):374.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04374]
 Su Ziyi,Yu Jiang,et al.Preparation of lightweight and high specific surface area ceramsites with sewage sludge[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2014,31(6):374.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2014.04374]
[5]马睿,闫江龙,方琳,等.超临界水氧化去除污泥中化学需氧量的动力学[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2015,32(6):617.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2015.06617]
 Ma Rui,Yan Jianglong,Fang Lin,et al.Kinetics of removal of chemical oxygen demand in municipal sewage sludge by supercritical water oxidation[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2015,32(6):617.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2015.06617]
[6]毕莹莹,郭进,郭玉文,等.润湿剂对PS和ABS的浮选分离效果及其作用机制[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2016,33(6):558.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2016.06558]
 Bi Yingying,Guo Jin,Guo Yuwen,et al.Effects and mechanism of wetting agents on the separation of PS and ABS by flotation[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2016,33(6):558.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2016.06558]
[7]王宁,郭斌,王欣,等.微波场中催化剂对甲苯废气的氧化分解研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2018,35(6):582.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2018.06582]
 WANG Ning,GUO Bin,WANG Xin,et al.Oxidation decomposition of toluene waste gas by catalyst in microwave field[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2018,35(6):582.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2018.06582]
[8]张晓春,丘建栋,屈新明,等.深圳市交通排放污染物浓度特征与影响因素[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(2):178.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.02178]
 ZHANG Xiaochun,QIU Jiandong,QU Xinming,et al.Characteristics and influencing factors of traffic pollutant emission concentration in Shenzhen City[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2020,37(6):178.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.02178]
[9]刘安,李玉清,郭奇聪,等.深圳典型道路原位模拟雨水生物毒性评价分析[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(4):355.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.04355]
 LIU An,LI Yuqing,GUO Qicong,et al.Biotoxicity assessment of in-situ simulated stormwater runoff on typical urban roads in Shenzhen[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2020,37(6):355.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.04355]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
Received:2020-06-13;Accepted:2020-09-10
Foundation:National Key R & D Program of China (2018YFB1502804)
Corresponding author:Associate professor DUAN Huabo. E-mail: huabo@szu.edu.cn
Citation:MA Yi, DUAN Huabo, LI Qiangfeng, et al. Benefits of GHGs emission reduction of wind farm based on life cycle assessment[J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2020, 37(6): 653-660.(in Chinese)
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFB1502804)
作者简介:马艺(1996—),深圳大学硕士研究生,研究方向:城市环境管理与可持续建设.E-mail:451400887@qq.com
引文:马艺,段华波,李强峰, 等. 基于生命周期分析的风电场GHGs减排效益[J]. 深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(6):653-660.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-11-26