[1]潘兵宏,等.新型立体环形交叉口的运行效率研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(6):630-636.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.06630]
 PAN Binghong,ZHOU Tingwen,et al.Operational efficiency of new stereo roundabouts[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2020,37(6):630-636.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.06630]
点击复制

新型立体环形交叉口的运行效率研究()
分享到:

《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第37卷
期数:
2020年第6期
页码:
630-636
栏目:
交通物流
出版日期:
2020-11-09

文章信息/Info

Title:
Operational efficiency of new stereo roundabouts
文章编号:
202006012
作者:
潘兵宏1 2周廷文1温长鹏1单慧敏1
1)长安大学公路学院,陕西西安 710064
2)长安大学特殊地区公路工程教育部重点试验室,陕西西安 710064
Author(s):
PAN Binghong1 2 ZHOU Tingwen1 WEN Changpeng1 and SHAN Huimin1
1) School of Highway, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, Shaanxi Province, P.R.China
2) Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, Shaanxi Province, P.R.China
关键词:
交通工程环形交叉口VISSIM仿真延误间隙-接受原理交叉口设计
Keywords:
traffic engineering roundabout VISSIM simulation delay gap-acceptance theory intersection design
分类号:
U491
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.06630
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
常规环形交叉口能够有效避免交通冲突,但随着机动车数量的增加,出现了通行能力不足的问题.提出一种新型立体环形交叉口,通过设置上下两个环圈来解决环形交叉口通行效率较低的问题.利用VISSIM仿真软件,从通行效率和行车安全方面进行模拟,发现相较于常规环形交叉口,新型立体环形交叉口使路网的平均延误降低91.78%,冲突总次数降低73.4%;与简易立交对比发现,新型立体环形交叉口除东西直行方向的通行效率降低外,其余方向均有所提高.进一步分析新型环形交叉口的适应交通量表明,当各入口的交通量小于2 000 pcu/h时,立体环形交叉口能有效提高通行能力,随着右转比例提高,左转比例降低,通行效率的提升更加明显.结合建造成本、占地规模及建造可行性,分析了立体环形交叉口的适用性.在交通量需求较大、相交道路没有主次之分、工程预算不足以修建立体交叉以及可利用土地范围有限等情况下,通过新建或改建成立体环形交叉口可以有效改善路网的运行效率和行车安全.
Abstract:
The conventional roundabouts can effectively avoid traffic conflicts. However, as the number of vehicles increases, insufficient capacity begins to appear. To solve this problem, a new type of roundabout is proposed by setting lane roundabouts on two levels with right-hand turning bypasses. By using VISSIM software, the stereo roundabouts are compared with the actual conventional roundabouts and simple interchanges. The evaluation results show that compared with the conventional roundabouts, the stereo roundabout reduces the average delay of the road network by 91.78%, the total number of conflicts decreases by 73.4%. Compared with the simple interchange, the efficiency of the stereo roundabouts is improved in all directions except the east-west direction. Through further analysis of the traffic volume that stereo roundabouts can adapt to, it shows that the stereo roundabout can effectively improve the traffic capacity when the traffic volume at each entrance is less than 2 000 pcu/h. As the right turn ratio increases and the left turn ratio decreases, the improvement of traffic efficiency is more obvious. Besides, the applicability of stereo roundabout is also analyzed based on the construction cost, floor space and construction feasibility. Under certain circumstances with large traffic demand, no distinction between primary and secondary roads, insufficient project budget for the construction of interchange, and limited land available, the operation efficiency and traffic safety of road network can be effectively improved by building or rebuilding stereo roundabouts.

参考文献/References:

[1] 杨锦冬,杨晓光,彭国雄. 环形交叉口交通控制模式研究[J]. 公路交通科技,2000,17(3): 47-51.
YANG Jindong,YANG Xiaoguang,PENG Guoxiong. Mode of traffic control in ring-intersection[J]. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 2000, 17(3): 47-51.(in Chinese)
[2] 马新露,杨兴清. 信号控制四路环形交叉口多进口协同放行方法[J]. 交通运输系统工程与信息, 2018, 18(4): 69-75.
MA Xinlu,YANG Xingqing. Multi-approach collaborative release method of the signalized four-leg roundabout[J]. Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and Information Technology, 2018, 18(4): 69-75.(in Chinese)
[3] 郑元勋,甘露. 左转立交式环形交叉口概念设计研究[J]. 河南理工大学学报自然科学版, 2017, 36(5): 113-120.
ZHENG Yuanxun,GAN Lu. Conceptual design on roundabout of turn left lane interchange[J]. Journal of Henan Polytechnic University Natural Science, 2017, 36(5): 113-120.(in Chinese)
[4] 张超, 郑元勋. 卫星岛式环形交叉口的概念设计[J]. 公路, 2013(9): 49-52.
ZHANG Chao, ZHENG Yuanxun. The conceptual design of satellite island roundabout[J]. Highway,2013(9): 49-52.(in Chinese)
[5] MEHMOOD A, EASA S M. Optimizing geometric design of roundabouts: multi-objective analysis[J]. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 2006, 33(1):29-40.
[6] YANG Xiaoguang, LI Xiugang, XUE Kun. A new traffic-signal control for modern roundabouts: method and application[J]. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2004, 5(4): 282-287.
[7] FORTUIJN L G H. Turbo roundabouts[J]. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2009, 2096(1): 16-24.
[8] BROWN M. The design of roundabouts[M]. London: Her Majesty Stationary Office, 1995.
[9] TOLLAZZI T. Alternative types of roundabouts[M]. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2015.
[10] DAMBAS T, AHAC S, DRAGEVI V. Design of turbo roundabouts based on the rules of vehicle movement geometry[J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 2016, 143(7): 7-10.
[11] MAURO R, CATTANI M. Potential accident rate of turbo-roundabouts[C]// Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design. Valencia, Spain: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2010: 4-16.
[12] MAURO R, CATTANI M, GUERRIERI M. Evaluation of the safety performance of turbo roundabouts by means of a potential accident rate model[J]. The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering, 2015, 10(1): 28-38.
[13] 项乔君, 王炜, 陈冰, 等. 环形交叉口通行能力理论模型研究[J]. 中国公路学报, 1999, 12(4): 72-75.
XIANG Qiaojun, WANG Wei, CHEN Bing, et al. A study of the model construct ion for roundabout’s capacity[J]. China Journal of Highway and Transport, 1999, 12(4): 72-75.(in Chinese)
[14] 徐吉谦, 陈学武. 交通工程总论[M]. 北京: 人民交通出版社, 2015.
XU Jiqian, CHEN Xuewu. Fundamentals of traffic engineering[M]. Beijing: China Communications Press, 2015.(in Chinese)
[15] 薄春宇, 崔海梁, 王炜, 等. 环形交叉口服务通行能力研究[J].华中科技大学学报自然科学版, 2002, 30(5): 47-49.
BO Chunyu, CUI Hailiang, WANG Wei, et al. A study on service capacity of roundabout[J]. Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology Natural Science Edition, 2002, 30(5): 47-49.(in Chinese)
[16] AutoNavi Traffic Big-data. Wuhan realtime traffic congestion delay index[DB/OL]. (2019-08-25)[2019-09-02]. https∶//trp.autonavi.com/detail.do?city=420100.
[17] 杨文臣, 张轮, 王铮, 等. 基于黄金分割遗传算法的VISSIM仿真模型参数校正[J]. 华东交通大学学报, 2017, 34(3): 95-102.
YANG Wenchen, ZHANG Lun, WANG Zheng, et al. Parameter calibration of VISSIM simulation model based on golden-ratio genetic algorithm[J]. Journal of East China Jiaotong University, 2017, 34(3): 95-102.(in Chinese)
[18] 孙 剑. 微观交通仿真分析指南[M]. 上海: 同济大学出版社, 2014.
SUN Jian. Guideline for microscopic traffic simulation analysis[M]. Shanghai: Tongji University Press, 2014.(in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]陈娇娜,张生瑞,靳引利.高速公路行程时间可靠性的小波密度估计[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2016,33(4):432.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2016.04432]
 Chen Jiaona,Zhang Shengrui,and Jin Yinli.Highway travel time reliability modeling based on wavelet density estimation[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2016,33(6):432.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2016.04432]
[2]杨少伟,赖泓志,潘兵宏,等.高速公路主线相互合流至出口最小间距的研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2018,35(6):643.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2018.06643]
 YANG Shaowei,LAI Hongzhi,PAN Binghong,et al.Minimum spacing between the mainline of highway mutual confluence and the mainline exit[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2018,35(6):643.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2018.06643]
[3]潘兵宏,等.新型非常规U型转弯交叉口的运行效率研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(3):305.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.03305]
 PAN Binghong,SHAN Huimin,REN Hui,et al.Operational efficiency of new unconventional U-turn intersection[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2020,37(6):305.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1249.2020.03305]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
Received:2019-10-07;Accepted:2019-12-06
Foundation:Livelihood Scientific Special Foundation of Hebei Province(19275601D)
Corresponding author:Associate professor PAN Binghong. E-mail: 409291838@qq.com
Citation:PAN Binghong, ZHOU Tingwen, WEN Changpeng, et al. Operational efficiency of new stereo roundabouts[J]. Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering, 2020, 37(6): 630-636.(in Chinese)
基金项目:河北省科学技术厅民生科技专项基金资助项目(19275601D)
作者简介:潘兵宏(1974—),长安大学副教授、博士. 研究方向:互通式立交工程与道路安全. E-mail:409291838@qq.com
引文:潘兵宏,周廷文,温长鹏,等.新型立体环形交叉口的运行效率研究[J]. 深圳大学学报理工版,2020,37(6):630-636.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-11-26