[1]可欣,张昀,李培军,等.利用酒石酸土柱淋洗法修复重金属污染土壤[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2009,26(3):240-245.
 KE Xin,ZHANG Yun,LI Pei-jun,et al.Leaching remediation of a heavy metal contaminated soil using tartaric acid[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2009,26(3):240-245.
点击复制

利用酒石酸土柱淋洗法修复重金属污染土壤()
分享到:

《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第26卷
期数:
2009年3期
页码:
240-245
栏目:
环境与能源
出版日期:
2009-07-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Leaching remediation of a heavy metal contaminated soil using tartaric acid
文章编号:
1000-2618(2009)03-0240-06
作者:
可欣1张昀2李培军3李润东1
1)沈阳航空工业学院辽宁省清洁能源重点实验室,沈阳 110136;
2)沈阳农业大学,沈阳110016;
3)中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所,沈阳110161
Author(s):
KE Xin1ZHANG Yun2LI Pei-jun3and LI Run-dong1
1)Liaoning Key Laboratory of Clean Energy,Shenyang Institute of Aeronautical Engineering,Shenyang 110136,P.R.China
2)Institute of Applied Ecology,Chinese Academy of Science,Shenyang 110016,P.R.China
3)Shenyang Agriculture University,Shenyang 110161,P.R.China
关键词:
土壤污染酒石酸重金属土柱淋洗
Keywords:
soil contaminationtartaric acidheavy metalscolumn leaching
分类号:
X 131
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过室内模拟试验,采用土柱淋洗方法,研究酒石酸溶液两种不同添加方式对冶炼厂土壤中重金属离子去除率的影响,采用连续分级方法研究了淋洗前后冶炼厂土壤中重金属形态的变化.结果表明,2.5 L酒石酸5次加样的淋洗效果明显好于10次加样的淋洗效果,其中5次加样淋洗能去除91.3%的Cd,11.1%的Pb,39.2%的Zn,11.1%的Cu;淋洗过程中铅的穿透曲线明显滞后于镉、铜和锌3种重金属离子.形态分级结果表明,酒石酸5次加样淋洗能有效去除污染土壤中交换态和碳酸盐结合态部分重金属离子,明显降低氧化物结合态部分重金属离子,而对有机态和残余态部分重金属离子作用效果不明显.可见用酒石酸土柱淋洗法修复重金属污染的土壤是可行的.
Abstract:
The remediation of a heavy metal (HM) contaminated soil was studied by using an environmentally-friendly extractant of tartaric acid.Column leaching experiments were performed to analyze the effects of tartaric acid five-portion style leaching and ten-portion style leaching on heavy metals removal as well as the differences of heavy metals speciation before and after tartaric acid treatment.Results show that 2.5 L tartaric acid five-portion style leaching was more effective than ten-portion style leaching for removal of heavy metals from the contaminated soil,attaining 91.3%Cd,11.1%Pb,39.2%Zn and 11.1% Cu.The breakthrough curve of lead was slower than other three heavy metals.Sequential fractionations of treated and untreated soil samples showed that tartaric acid was very effective in removing the exchangeable and carbonate fractions of heavy metals from the contaminated soils.The contents of heavy metals in Fe-Mn oxide fraction were also significantly decreased by tartaric acid leaching treatment.The heavy metals in organic matter fraction and residual fraction could not be removed by tartaric acid.This indicates that tartaric acid is a promising agent for remediation of HM contaminated soils.However,further research is required before the method can be used for in situ remediation of contaminatedsites.

参考文献/References:

[1]美国国家研究委员会,地下污染物污染源去除委员会.地下污染物,污染源评价及修复技术[M].华盛顿:国家学术出版社,2004(英文版).
[2]Madrid F,Liphadzi M S,Kirkham M B.植物修复过程中鳌合剂灌溉土壤中重金属提取研究[J].水文地理学,2003,272:107-119(英文版).
[3]Tampouris S,Papassiopi N,Paspaliaris I.利用氯化物凝聚溶液去除细颗粒土壤中的重金属污染物及堆式淋洗技术[J]. 危险材料, 2001, 84(2-3): 297-319(英文版).
[4]Qin F,Shan X Q,Wei B.低分子量有机酸及其存留时间对土壤中铜、镉和铅解吸效果的影响[J].化学圈,2004,57:253-263(英文版).
[5]可欣,张昀,李培军,等.板栗内皮去除酸性废液中重金属离子机理研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2009,26(1):72-76.
[6]Wasay S A,Barrington S F,Tokunaga S.利用有机酸盐和鳌合剂修复重金属污染的土壤[J].环境技术,1997,19:369-380(英文版).
[7]中国科学院南京土壤研究所.土壤理化分析[M].上海:上海科学技术出版社,1978:132-502.
[8]Hossner L R.元素总量消解分析[J].土壤分析方法,1996(2):49-64(英文版).
[9]Ke X,Li P J,Zhou Q X,等.酒石酸淋洗法去除污染土壤中重金属[J].环境科学学报,2006,18(4):727-733(英文版).
[10]Tessier A,Campbell P G C,Bisson M.重金属形态的连续提出方法[J].分析化学,1979,51:844-851(英文版).
[11]Papassiopi N,Tambouris S,Kontopoulos A.利用EDTA淋洗修复石灰性重金属污染土壤[J].大气、水及土壤污染,1999,109:1-15(英文版).
[12]Kim C S,Ong S K.无定型铁对于EDTA去除污染土壤中铅的影响[J].废弃物管理,2000,4:16-23(英文版).
[13]Xiong X,Stagnitti F,Turoczy N.疏水性土壤中重金属离子的竞争吸附[J].澳大利亚土壤研究,2005,43:351-356(英文版).
[14]可欣,李培军,张昀,等.利用乙二胺四乙酸淋洗修复重金属污染土壤及其动力学[J].中国应用生态学报,2007, 18(3):601-606.
[15]Sun B,Zhao F,Lombi E,等.利用EDTA淋洗修复重金属污染的土壤[J].中国环境污染,2001,113:111-120(英文版).
[16]Bourg A C M.重金属形态及迁移能力的内涵[M].柏林:Springer出版社,1995:19-32(英文版).
[17]Mulligan C N,Yong R N,Gibbs B F.重金属污染土壤及地下水修复技术研究进展[J].工程地质学,2001,60:193-207(英文版).
[18]可欣,李培军,尹炜,等.利用皂素淋洗修复重金属污染的土壤[J].辽宁工程技术大学学报自然科学版,2006,25(5):769-772.


[1]Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface,National Research Council.Contaminants in the Subsurface.Source Zone Assessment and Remediation[M].Washington:National Academies Press,2004.
[2]Madrid F,Liphadzi M S,Kirkham M B.Heavy metal displacement in chelate-irrigated soil during phytoremediation[J].Journal of Hydrology,2003,272:107-119.
[3]Tampouris S,Papassiopi N,Paspaliaris I.Removal of contaminant metals from fine grained soils using agglomeration chloride solutions and pile leaching techniques[J].J Hazard Mater,2001,84(2-3):297-319.
[4]Qin F,Shan X Q,Wei B.Effects of low-molecular-weight organic acids and residue time on desorption of Cu,Cd,and Pb from soils[J].Chemosphere,2004,57:253-263.
[5]KE Xin,ZHANG Yun,LI Pei-jun,et al.Study on mechanism of chestnut inner shells removal of heavy metals from acidic solutions[J].Joural of Shenzhen University Science and Engeering,2009,26(1):72-76(in Chinese).
[6]Wasay S A,Barrington S F,Tokunaga S.Remediation of soils polluted by heavy metals using salts of organic acids and chelating agents[J].Environmental Technology,1997,19:369-380.
[7]Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Science.Soil Physical-chemical Characteristics Analysis[M].Shanghai:Shanghai Science & Technology Publishers,1978:132-502(in Chinese).
[8]Hossner L R.Dissolution for total elemental analysis[J].Method of Soil Analysis,1996(2):49-64.
[9]Ke X,Li P J,Zhou Q X,et al.Removal of heavy metals from contaminated soil using tartaric acid[J].Journal of Environmental Science,2006,18(4):727-733.
[10]Tessier A,Campbell P G C,Bisson M.Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals[J].Analytical Chemistry,1979,51:844-851(in Chinese).
[11]Papassiopi N,Tambouris S,Kontopoulos A.Removal of heavy metals from calcareous contaminated soil by EDTA leaching[J].Water Air Soil Pollution,1999,109:1-15.
[12]Kim C S,Ong S K.Effects of amorphous iron on extraction of lead-contaminated soil with EDTA[J].Waste Manage,2000,4:16-23.
[13]Xiong X,Stagnitti F,Turoczy N.Competitive sorption of metals in water repellent soils:Implications for irrigation recycled water[J].Australian Journal of Soil Research,2005,43:351-356.
[14]KE Xin,LI Pei-jun,ZHANG Yun,et al.Removal of heavy metals from contaminated soil using EDTA and its kinetics[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2007,18(3):601-606(in Chinese).
[15]Sun B,Zhao F,Lombi E,et al.Leaching of heavy metals from contaminated soils using EDTA[J].Environmental Pollution,2001,113:111-120.
[16]Bourg A C M.Speciation of Heavy Metals and Implications for Their Mobility,Heavy Metals[M].Berlin:Springer,1995:19-32.
[17]Mulligan C N,Yong R N,Gibbs B F.Remediation technologies for metal-contaminated soils and groundwater:An evaluation[J].Engineering Geology,2001,60:193-207.
[18]KE Xin,LI Pei-jun,YIN Wei,et al.Remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil using saponin[J].Journal of Liaoning Technology Universtiy Nature Science,2006,25(5):769-772(in Chinese).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2009-03-01;修回日期:2009-06-06
基金项目:教育部优秀人才基金资助项目(NCET-07-0564);辽宁省自然科学基金资助项目(20072014)
作者简介:可欣(1973-),男(汉族),辽宁省沈阳市人,沈阳航空工业学院副教授、博士.E-mail:kex@iae.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-08-10