[1]刘建,富永晃宏.河道梯形洼地流动特性实验研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2008,25(2):147-152.
 LIU Jian and TOMONAGA Akihiro.Experimental study on 3D flow properties in the river channel with a trapezoid pool[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2008,25(2):147-152.
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河道梯形洼地流动特性实验研究()
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《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第25卷
期数:
2008年2期
页码:
147-152
栏目:
土木建筑工程
出版日期:
2008-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experimental study on 3D flow properties in the river channel with a trapezoid pool
文章编号:
1000-2618(2008)02-0147-06
作者:
刘建1 富永晃宏2
1)深圳大学土木工程学院,深圳 518060;
2)名古屋工业大学城市社会系,日本名古屋 4668555
Author(s):
LIU Jian1 and TOMONAGA Akihiro2
1)College of Civil Engineering,Shenzhen University,Shenzhen 518060,P.R.China
2)Department of Civil Engineering & Systems Management,Nagoya Institute of Technology,Nagoya 4668555,Japan
关键词:
明渠流河道洼地三维构造分离涡透水石笼生态环境
Keywords:
open-channel flowpoolthree dimensional flow propertyseparation vortexpermeable groinecological environment
分类号:
TV 131.61+9
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
研究河床洼地的水流特性.在一个可调节坡度的实验水槽内设置一个接近于自然形状的洼地.应用电磁流速仪测量洼地内3个方向的流速.实验过程中,在洼地拥有铅直岸壁的一侧观测到柱状分离涡.为使洼地更接近实际,在洼地内沿铅直岸壁设置两个6 cm高的可透水石笼.设置石笼后的洼地流态变化较大,分离涡发生在石笼的对岸一侧.本实验结果为环境流体力学和河流动力学探讨洼坑水流规律提供了研究基础.
Abstract:
The hydrodynamic behavior of the open channel with pools and riffles has not yet been fully understood although pools and riffles on a riverbed can improve hydrobios habitats and restoration of canalized urban streams.The characteristics of three dimensional flow structure in the open channel with a pool were analyzed by experiment study.A nature-like pool was made on a fixed bed in a slope-adjustable flume to simulate real river channel.The three-dimensional velocities in the channel were measured with electromagnetic velocimeters.A cylindrical separation vortex was generated in the pool near a vertical wall.In order to simulate the natural flow in the pool,two 6 cm high permeable groins were set adjacent to the vertical wall.The vortexes in the pool with groins were reduced in size,and a new separation vortex appeared on the opposite side.

参考文献/References:

[1]野上毅,渡辺康玄,長谷川和義.急流河川における生息場としての河床地形区分[J].水工学論文集,2002,46:1127-1137(日本版).
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[3]Rodriguez J F,Garcia M H,Lopez F M,等.城市河流恢复洼地和沙丘的三维水动力特性[C]//河流流动2004论文集.那不勒斯:国际水利学会,2004:1297-1304(英文版).
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2007-11-08;修回日期:2008-02-28
基金项目:深圳大学科研启动基金资助项目(200543);深圳市土地投资开发中心研究项目(二线拓展区雨水利用项目)
作者简介:刘建(1965-),男(汉族),河南省封丘县人,深圳大学副教授、博士. E-mail:liujian@szu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2008-05-10