[1]梅振宇,葛宏伟,项贻强.基于离散分布的公交站距优化模型[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2007,24(4):357-362.
 MEI Zhen-yu,GE Hong-wei,and XIANG Yi-qiang.A bus stop spacing optimizing model based on discrete distribution demand[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2007,24(4):357-362.
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基于离散分布的公交站距优化模型()
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《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第24卷
期数:
2007年4期
页码:
357-362
栏目:
土木建筑工程
出版日期:
2007-10-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
A bus stop spacing optimizing model based on discrete distribution demand
文章编号:
1000-2618(2007)04-0357-06
作者:
梅振宇1葛宏伟2项贻强1
1)浙江大学建筑工程学院, 杭州 310027;
2)深圳市综合交通设计研究院,深圳 518033
Author(s):
MEI Zhen-yu1GE Hong-wei2and XIANG Yi-qiang1
1)College of Civil Engineering and Architecture,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310027,P.R.China
2)Shenzhen Integrated Transportation Design & Research Institute,Shenzhen 518033,P.R.China
关键词:
公共交通公交站点站点间距时间价值动态优化模型
Keywords:
bus transit bus stop stop spacing time value dynamic optimizing model
分类号:
U 491.7;P 208
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

在乘客需求沿公交线路离散分布的基础上,建立一种动态公交站距优化模型和计算方法.在公交线路沿线的每个交叉口及路段上的大型客流发生、吸引点处设置备选站点;根据地理信息系统的土地利用、开发强度等空间信息,将现有站点调查的上下乘客需求量或预测的线路OD客流量,分配到公交线路服务区域的各个需求段;以与站距有关的乘客步行到站时间价值、车内乘客运行时间价值和公交车辆运行时间价值之和最小为目标函数,用动态规划方法,在备选站点集中选取子集站点,使其满足目标函数.以苏州市区现有的一条公交线路为例,应用该方法对沿线各站点的间距进行优化,实践证明该方法有效.

Abstract:

Based on the fact that demand distributes discretely along bus route, a dynamic programming algorithm of optimizing bus stop spacing was developed.Every intersection and large demand entry point along the bus route were treated as a candidate stop location.With the information of land use and development intensity provided by GIS,passengers demand surveyed or forecasted was distributed into every segment in the route.Considering passengers ?walking time, on-vehicle traveling time, and buses traveling time, the objective function was established.The dynamic programming algorithm was constructed to optimize bus stop locations.The model was applied to a bus route planning in Suzhou, and the results show that the optimizing method is efficient.

参考文献/References:

[1]Vuchic V R,Newell G F.最小行程时间的快速交通站距[J].交通科学, 1968,(2): 303-339(英文版).
[2]Vaughn R J, Cousins E A.一条公交线路上的站点布局优化[C].第7届世界交通理论论坛, 1977:698-716(英文版).
[3]Wirasinghe S C, Ghoneim N S.符合大量交通需求的公交站距[J].交通科学, 1981,(15):210-221(英文版).
[4]Chien S I, QIN Zhao-qiong.基于交通可达性的公交站点布局优化[J].交通规划技术, 2004, 27(3): 211-227(英文版).
[5]Hakimi S L.转换站、标准站和中间站的优化布局 [J].运筹学研究,1964, (12): 450-459(英文版).
[6]王 炜,杨新苗,陈学武.城市公共交通系统规划方法与管理技术[M].北京:科学出版社,2002: 44-54.
[7]胡 刚.城市公交网络及站点优化技术研究[D].南京:东南大学交通学院,2004.
[8]Hurdle V F,Wirasinghe S C.多对一的轨道交通站点布局和几个支流模型 [J].智能交通,1980, 14: 29-46(英文版).
[9]Guenthner R P.基于综合费用构成的交通等待时间[J].交通工程, 1988, 114(3): 42-44(英文版).
[1]Vuchic V R, Newell G F.Rapid transit interstation spacings for minimum travel time [J].Transportation Science, 1968(2): 303-339.
[2]Vaughn R J, Cousins E A.Optimum location of bus stops on a bus route[C].The 7th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory, 1977:698-716.
[3]Wirasinghe S C, Ghoneim N S.Spacing of bus-stops for many to many travel demand [J].Transportation Science, 1981(15):210-221
[4]Chien S I, QIN Zhao-qiong, Optimization of bus stop locations for improving transit accessibility [J].Transportation Planning and Technology, 2004, 27(3): 211-227.
[5]Hakimi S L.Optimum locations of switching centers and the absolute centers and medians of a graph [J].Operations Research, 1964(12): 450-459.
[6]WANG Wei, YANG Xin-miao, CHEN Xue-wu.Planning Method and Management Technology of Bus Transit [M].Beijing:Science Press,2002: 44-54(in Chinese).
[7]HU Gang.Research on Optimization Technology of Bus Route and Bus Stop[D].Nanjing:School of transportation of Southeast University, 2004 (in Chinese).
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2006-11-14;修回日期:2007-07-11
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划资助项目(2006CB705500); 国家“十五”重点科技攻关资助项目(2002BA404A04)
作者简介:梅振宇(1979-),男(汉族),江苏省常州市人,浙江大学讲师、博士后研究人员.E-mail:meizhenyu2002@163.com
通讯作者:项贻强(1959-),男(汉族),浙江大学教授、博士生导师.E-mail:xiangyiq@zju.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2007-12-05