[1]曹征良,袁雄洲,邢锋,等.美国混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀试验方法评析[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2006,23(3):201-210.
 CAO Zheng-liang,YUAN Xiong-zhou,XING Feng,et al.American test methods for evaluating the durability of cement based materials agianst external sulfate attack[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2006,23(3):201-210.
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美国混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀试验方法评析()
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《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
第23卷
期数:
2006年3期
页码:
201-210
栏目:
土木建筑工程
出版日期:
2006-07-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
American test methods for evaluating the durability of cement based materials agianst external sulfate attack
作者:
曹征良袁雄洲邢锋丁铸
深圳大学建筑与土木工程学院,深圳518000
Author(s):
CAO Zheng-liang YUAN Xiong-zhou XING Fengand DING Zhu
College of Architecture and Civil Engineering Shenzhen University
关键词:
混凝土耐久性暴露条件硫酸盐侵蚀加速试验干湿循环美国材料实验协会标准
Keywords:
concrete durability exposure conditions sulfate attack accelerated test methodcycles of wetting and drying standards of American society of test materials
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
指出混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀破坏的本质与其暴露条件如持续浸泡、干湿交替、溶液ph值、质量分数和温度相关。在阐明混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀反应类型和侵蚀机理的基础上,分析实验室5种硫酸盐试验加速途径,评述美国现行5种硫酸盐侵蚀试验方法,指出现行硫酸盐侵蚀试验方法,在测试时间、侵蚀破坏指标、多因素分析和模拟现场侵蚀破坏的有效性方面需要改进。
Abstract:
Sulfate attack is one of the most improtant factors affecting concrete durability and has been extensively investigated, but not completely understood. This paper attempts to clarify some related problems. Firstly, what mechanism needs to be involved for the action to be described as sulfate attack? The discussion of the two forms of sulfate attack leads to a recommendation for distinct nomenclature. Secondly, recent tests, both long term and accelerated ones, need reworking. Most of the knowledge of sulfate attack has been developed from laboratory studies involving relatively simple chemical systems of pure materials, yet in actual practice the situation is more complicated. Thirdly, the standards and guides for the classification of the severity of exposure of structures to sulfates lack calibration of the various classes of exposure. This paper describes the progress and consequences of sulfate attack and some preventive measures.It discusses the nature of the manifestation or the mechanisms of sulfate degradation. Factors affecting concrete durability are discussed including the exposure conditions from continuous immersion to cycles of wetting and drying. In light of the overall situation and near-future improvements, all the factors are examined accelerating the rate of deterioration caused by sulfate. The factors analyzed include different concentration of SO42-, different temperatures, different experimental solution, different pH controlled procedure and dry-wet circulation.The differences between laboratory conditions and field exposure are pointed out.Reviewed in this paper are the current American standards for specifying cement-based materials to prevent deleterious reactions with external sulfates, and for predicting the performance of concrete exposed to external sulfate. The applicability and reliability of these standards are criticized and the deficiencies in them are pointed out. Finally, recommendations are presented for the development of improved standard test methods.

相似文献/References:

[1]谢友均,马昆林,刘运华,等.蒸养超细粉煤灰高性能混凝土性能试验研究[J].深圳大学学报理工版,2007,24(3):234.
 XIE You-jun,MA Kun-lin,LIU Yun-hua,et al.Experimental studies on capabilities of steam curing ultra-fine fly ash high performance concrete[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,2007,24(3):234.

更新日期/Last Update: 2015-06-26