[1]李赋宁.印欧语系语言浅说[J].深圳大学学报理工版,1984,(1):20-30.
 Li Funing.Introduction to Indo-European Family[J].Journal of Shenzhen University Science and Engineering,1984,(1):20-30.
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印欧语系语言浅说()
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《深圳大学学报理工版》[ISSN:1000-2618/CN:44-1401/N]

卷:
期数:
1984年1期
页码:
20-30
栏目:
环境与能源
出版日期:
1984-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Introduction to Indo-European Family
作者:
李赋宁
深圳大学英语系
Author(s):
Li Funing
Department of English,Shenzhen University
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
十八世纪英国学者Sir William Jones指出:梵文与希腊文和拉丁文“如此相象,绝非偶然”,“它们具有共同的来源,这个来源或许已不存在。”从此以后,一门新的学科——比较语言学诞生了。
英语属于日耳曼语支中的西日耳曼语分支,而日耳曼语本身又属于世界上最大的语系——印欧语系。所以,掌握一些英语与其各代语祖之间在进化过程中的一些基本知识,可以使读者对英语有一个理性的认识。
本文以丰富的实例,从历时性角度,为读者描绘了一幅详细的英语家谱图。对有志于研究语言学,研究英美语言文学者,本文也许具有提纲契领的指导意义。对大学英语专业的本科学生以及其他愿意掌握英语者,阅读本文可能会收到扩大视野,升华认识之效。
Abstract:
Sir William Jones,a British orientist, declared in 1786 that Sanskrit bore to Greek and Latin“a stronger affinity......than could possibly have been produced by accident...... have sprung from some common source, which perhaps no longer exists." From then on, comparative philology came into being.
English belongs to the west Germanic branch of the Germanic sub-family, which in turn is a member of Indo-European family, the largest one in the world. Therefore, some common-sense knowledge about English’s evolution from its various ancestors will lead to a rational comprehension of this particular language. This essay proceeds from a diachronic approach and, with the help of many examples, draws a detailed pedigree of English. For those whose fields of research concern linguistics, Anglo-American language and literature, this essay would serve as a concise guide. As to the average undergraduates of English departments or others who attempt to master English, this paper would broaden their cognitive horizons.
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-05-23